Condition: Epilepsy – Adult/Child

<h3><span style=”color: #16487b; font-size: 22px; font-weight: 400;”>A seizure is caused by abnormal electrical activity in the brain resulting in a short disturbance of consciousness, muscle function, sensations, behaviour, emotions, or a combination of these.</span></h3><p>Seizures can be classified as generalised (where the electrical activity affects all of the brain) or focal (where the electrical activity stays in one part of the brain).</p><p>High temperatures, low oxygen levels, low blood sugar levels or poisons can cause a seizure.</p><p>Epilepsy however is defined by having at least two unprovoked seizures more than 24 hours apart. 1 in 100 people have epilepsy in the UK.</p>

<p>Epilepsy – Adult/Child <strong>Treatment</strong></p>

<p>GPs are encouraged to refer to a neurology specialist with expertise in epilepsy to instigate treatment. The mainstays of treatment are anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs).</p><p>The type of epilepsy, age, biological sex and other medications affect the first-line AED for each person. More specialist treatments can include surgery and vagal nerve stimulation.</p><p>Medicinal cannabis can be considered when first line therapies have not achieved adequate seizure control.</p>

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