Condition: Autistic Spectrum Disorder

<h3><span style=”color: #16487b; font-size: 22px; font-weight: 400;”>Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition that has a broad range of effects including impaired social interaction and communication, but also causing repetitive behaviours.</span></h3><p>People with ASD may also be affected by different responses to sensory inputs of sound and light. A proportion of patients with this condition may also have intellectual impairments. Impairments in each of these areas may range from mild to severe.</p><p>Approximately 1% of adults and children have this condition.</p><p>ASD can be diagnosed at any stage, particularly at times of increased stress or when entering different environments such as a new school. Half of all patients however are identified before turning two.</p><p>ASD can be sub-classified as one of the following conditions:</p><ul><li>Autism</li><li>Asperger syndrome</li><li>Pervasive development disorder – not otherwise specified</li><li>Childhood disintegrative disorder</li><li>Rett syndrome</li></ul>

<p>Autistic Spectrum Disorder<strong> Treatment</strong></p>

<p>Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are usually under the care of a paediatrician and multi-disciplinary team of speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, and psychologists.</p><p>The mainstay of treatment is educational support within the domains that they find most challenging, which may include social difficulties, language and communication, limited imagination or unusual behaviours.</p><p>Specific psychological behavioural therapy may be used to help reduce the incidence of challenging behaviours.</p><p>In addition, medication can be considered to help with the treatment of specific symptoms of anxiety, depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder if these remain uncontrolled by other methods. Medication is also used to help control behavior such as aggression and improve sleep.</p><p>Medicinal cannabis can be considered when first line therapies have not achieved adequate symptom control.</p>

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